For the third consecutive year, the estimated number of violent
crimes in the nation decreased when compared with the previous year’s
statistics, according to FBI figures released today. In 2019, violent
crime was down 0.5% from the 2018 number. Property crimes also dropped
4.1%, marking the 17th consecutive year the collective estimates for
these offenses declined.
The 2019 statistics show the estimated
rate of violent crime was 366.7 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, and
the estimated rate of property crime was 2,109.9 offenses per 100,000
inhabitants. The violent crime rate fell 1.0% when compared with the
2018 rate; the property crime rate declined 4.5%.
These and additional data are presented in the 2019 edition of the FBI’s annual report Crime in the United States.
This publication is a statistical compilation of offense, arrest, and
police employee data reported by law enforcement agencies voluntarily
participating in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.
UCR Program collects information on crimes reported by law enforcement
agencies regarding the violent crimes of murder and nonnegligent
manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, as well as the
property crimes of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and
arson. (The FBI classifies arson as a property crime but does not
estimate arson data because of variations in the level of participation
by the reporting agencies. Consequently, arson data is not included in
the property crime estimate.) The program also collects arrest data for
the offenses listed above and 20 offenses that include all other crimes
except traffic violations.
Of the 18,667 federal, state, county,
city, university and college, and tribal agencies eligible to
participate in the UCR Program, 16,554 agencies submitted data in 2019. A
high-level summary of the statistics submitted, as well as estimates
for those agencies that did not report, follows:
- In 2019,
there were an estimated 1,203,808 violent crimes. When compared with the
estimates from 2018, the estimated number of robbery offenses fell 4.7%
and the estimated volume of rape (revised definition) offenses
decreased 2.7%. The estimated number of aggravated assault offenses rose
1.3%, and the volume of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter offenses
- Nationwide, there were an estimated 6,925,677
property crimes. The estimated numbers for all three property crimes
showed declines when compared with the previous year’s estimates.
Burglaries dropped 9.5%, larceny-thefts decreased 2.8%, and motor
vehicle thefts were down 4.0%.
- Collectively, victims of property crimes (excluding arson) suffered losses estimated at $15.8 billion in 2019.
FBI estimated law enforcement agencies nationwide made 10.1 million
arrests, (excluding those for traffic violations) in 2019.
arrest rate for violent crime was 156.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, and the
arrest rate for property crime was 343.3 per 100,000 inhabitants.
violent crime offense, the arrest rate for murder and nonnegligent
manslaughter was 3.4 per 100,000 inhabitants; rape (aggregate total
using the revised and legacy definition), 7.4; robbery, 24.7; and
aggravated assault, 120.8 per 100,000 inhabitants.
- Of the
property crime offenses, the arrest rate for burglary was 52.3 per
100,000 inhabitants; larceny-theft, 263.0; and motor vehicle theft,
25.1. The arrest rate for arson was 2.8 per 100,000 inhabitants.
2019, 13,247 law enforcement agencies reported their staffing levels to
the FBI. These agencies reported that, as of October 31, 2019, they
collectively employed 697,195 sworn officers and 306,075 civilians—a
rate of 3.5 employees per 1,000 inhabitants.
Caution Against Ranking—Each year when Crime in the United States
is published, some entities use the figures to compile rankings of
cities and counties. These rough rankings provide no insight into the
numerous variables that mold crime in a particular state, county, city,
town, tribal area, or region. Consequently, they lead to simplistic
and/or incomplete analyses that often create misleading perceptions
adversely affecting communities and their residents. Valid assessments
are possible only with careful study and analysis of the range of unique
conditions affecting each local law enforcement jurisdiction. The
data user is, therefore, cautioned against comparing crime data of
individual reporting units from states, metropolitan areas, cities, or
colleges or universities solely on the basis of their population
coverage or student enrollment.
Full Report: Crime in the United States